Wayne State University

Wayne State University rests in the center of Old Detroit:

“The city of Detroit, Michigan, developed from a French fort and missionary outpost founded in 1701 to one of the largest American cities by the early 20th century. ….

The city name comes from the Detroit River (French: le détroit du Lac Érie), meaning the strait of Lake Erie, linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie; in the historical context, the strait included Lake St. Clair and the St. Clair River.[6]….

France offered free land to attract families to Detroit, which grew to 800 people in 1765, the largest city between Montreal and New Orleans.[9] Wikipedia.

 

Coco Chanel with model, circa 1950, Paris.

Great wealth was gathered, great homes were built, and culture flourished.  Diego Rivera came to put up his magnificent murals.  At the same time it was a grand industrial center attracting immigrants via Ellis Island and black Americans from the south.  The  University’s growth reflected the history of the city around it.

“Wayne State University is one of the nation’s pre-eminent public research universities in an urban setting, ranking in the top 50 in R & D expenditures of all public universities by the National Science Foundation. Through its multidisciplinary approach to research and education, and its ongoing collaboration with government, industry and other institutions, the university seeks to enhance economic growth and improve the quality of life in the city of Detroit, state of Michigan and throughout the world.”    Address:  5700 Cass Avenue, 3100 Academic Administration Building * Detroit, Michigan 48202

“School speech-language practice began at early the 20th century, around 1910, as an offshoot of classroom school teaching. Exact information is impossible to establish but the origins appear to be in the State of Michigan. The University of Michigan and Wayne State University (Detroit Junior College in 1917) were the first academic institutions to prepare “speech correction teachers.” Something less than a baccalaureate degree was required at Detroit Junior College.

The Detroit Public Schools sponsored the earliest speech correction services. Wayne State University is still located in the heart of Detroit where school speech correction started. In 1917 the public schools and Detroit Junior College were virtually the same.

Detroit was a boomtown with immigrants coming in to work in the Highland Park plant to build Henry Ford’s Model T. The plant was just a few miles north of the flourishing city. Money was flowing and a significant middle class was growing.

Professor Charles Van Riper of Western Michigan University has been widely recognized arguably as the father of the modern field. His articulation therapy method was widely accepted by generations of school speech therapists. His textbooks were less medical in content and contained information covering school concerns. Early writings gave emphasis to the importance of play in therapy.

Professor Van Riper reported on another early programs: “It was [Smiley] Blanton who had opened the first speech clinic in 1914 at the University of Wisconsin and in 1923 helped develop a statewide program of speech correction under the direction of Pauline Camp” (ASHA Magazine, November 1981 (Volume 23:11, pp. 855-858).

Coco Chanel’s apartment in Paris, circa 1950

“Detroit, Michigan is an amazing, misjudged city with a wonderfully rich history.”

http://www.historydetroit.com/

Speech-Language Pathology

“School speech-language practice began at early the 20th century, around 1910, as an offshoot of classroom school teaching. Exact information is impossible to establish but the origins appear to be in the State of Michigan. The University of Michigan and Wayne State University (Detroit Junior College in 1917) were the first academic institutions to prepare “speech correction teachers.” Something less than a baccalaureate degree was required at Detroit Junior College.

The Detroit Public Schools sponsored the earliest speech correction services. Wayne State University is still located in the heart of Detroit where school speech correction started. In 1917 the public schools and Detroit Junior College were virtually the same.” (our post)

“The first school correction program may have also been in the Detroit Pubic Schools by way of organizational luck because of close ties with Wayne State University:

“In 1881, the Detroit Normal Training School was established, now the College of Education. Old Main Hall was built-in 1896 as Central High School, which later began adding college classes in 1913. Those classes evolved into the Detroit Junior College in 1917″… “In 1919, David L. Mackenzie – who served a dual role as Principal of Detroit Central High School and Detroit Junior College.” Mackenzie was a teacher with an Master’s degree (Wiki).

“A History of the Detroit Speech Correction Department” by Elsie Ryan is listed at Amazon books.

La_Liberte_guidant_le_peuple

“Dr. Kopp

In 1936, Dr. George Kopp “…came to Detroit to develop a program to prepare clinicians and public school teachers of speech correction at Teachers College, which later became Wayne State University.”

http://www.clas.wayne.edu/unit-inner.asp?WebPageID=2843

From 1943 through 1946 he worked at Bell Laboratories. He and his wife, Harriet Green Kopp, along with Ralph Potter, published Visible Speech, a well-know project to make speech visible to the deaf.

In 1946, Dr. Kopp was listed as a member of the American Speech Correction Association. He was a founding member. In 1947, he served as the Executive Secretary-Treasurer and carried these duties until 1959. He took over the duties of D. W. Morris of The Ohio State University with expanded responsibilities. Both men were treasurers indicating revenue collection and dispersal.

Smokey Robinson

Smokey Robinson was born into a poor family in the North End area of Detroit. He was raised by his elder sister and her husband, after his mother died of a brain hemorrhage.[1] He attended Northern High School, where he was above-average academically, and a keen athlete, though his main interest was music and he formed a doo-wop group named the Five Chimes.[1] At one point, he and Diana Ross lived several houses from each other on Belmont; he once said he has known Ross since she was about eight.[2]

Boomtown

Detroit was a boomtown with immigrants coming in to work in the Highland Park plant to build Henry Ford’s Model T. The plant was just a few miles north of the flourishing city. Money was flowing and a significant middle class was growing.”

Marker, National Assembly, Paris.

Marker, National Assembly, Paris.

On April 23, 2012, National Public Radio reported on the opening of the Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia established at Ferris State University.”

Diego Rivera in Detroit

“The Detroit Industry Murals are a series of frescoes by the Mexican artist Diego Rivera, consisting of twenty-seven panels depicting industry at the Ford Motor Company. Together they surround the Rivera Court in the Detroit Institute of Arts. Painted between 1932 and 1933, they were considered by Rivera to be his most successful work.[1] On April 23, 2014, the Detroit Industry Murals were given National Historic Landmark Status.”

Market in the 18th

Market in the 18th

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