15. Special Education Overidentification 2011: Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation)

After Rosa’s Law, the category of mental retardation was changed to “Intellectual Disability.” 

From the beginning of the civil rights movement for the handicapped, mental retardation has been a controversial category for special education placements.  From the beginning it was the category for placement carrying with it high stigma and often used as a place to put low achieving minority pupils.  As there are many causes of under-achievement, mis-identification is a hazard for evaluators.  In the broadest issue, this category of placement has been a civil rights issues.

cf. Rosa’s Law (S.2781) and Speech-Language Pathology

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