5. Educational Speech Pathology

We have identified a hybrid model of school speech pathology assessment, where clinical and educational criteria are combined for judgments about special education eligibility.  It applies to the emergent population called “struggling children.”  Such children show academic delay but are not placed in special education.  Programs like Response to Intervention grade learning remediation to prevent placement in special education.  SLPs are put in the position of assessing  a broader range of speech,  language and learning skills.  For example, “poor children” is not a clinical population but poor children can be different in communication development.

We have already pointed out an array of labels applied to “struggling children.”

“diverse learners
struggling students
at risk
special needs
special education
disabled
disadvantaged
hard-to-teach
impaired
culturally and linguistically different
handicapped (historic)
slow learners (historic)
migrant
neglected
English language learners
minority
poor

PEJORATIVE

disruptive
problem
difficult
lazy (historic)”

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